Postcolonial Europe

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STUDIES

O demokracji, czyli postkolonialne aspekty dyskursów IV Rzeczypospolitej

Друк

Znajdujemy się obecnie w momencie tak przełomowym, że ludzie jeszcze nie uświadomili sobie, jak bardzo trzeba wszystko zacząć od początku. Jest to okres niesłychanie wyjątkowy. [...] upadek komunizmu jest zjawiskiem na skalę nieprawdopodobną. Komunizm przedłużał pewną linię myślenia postępowego XIX wieku. […] Simone Weil powiedziała, że wielkim błędem marksistów i rozmaitych postępowców była wiara, że idąc prosto przed siebie, wzbijemy się w powietrze[1].

Od około dwóch lat konstytuuje się w Polsce język nowej władzy. Współtworzą go wypowiedzi prezesa partii Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (PiS) Jarosława Kaczyńskiego oraz enuncjacje najważniejszych funkcjonariuszy państwowych: prezydenta Andrzeja Dudy, premier Beaty Szydło[2], ministrów i rzeczników, ale także – co istotne - lojalnych wobec rządzącej partii ekspertów, posłów, senatorów, hierarchów Kościoła katolickiego czy dziennikarzy, wspierających „dobrą zmianę”. Wiele ważnych, czasami kontrowersyjnych słów, które padają z ust przedstawicieli obozu rządzącego, odwołuje się lub dotyczy bezpośrednio demokracji, zasad jej działania czy legitymizacji. Przez specyfikę, powtarzalność i regularność tych wypowiedzi można mówić o tworzeniu się dyskursu[3] „demokracji á la PiS”. Główne reguły jego wyłaniania narzuca prezes i ideolog rządzącej partii oraz jej dokumenty programowe. Świadomie rezygnując z możliwości bycia oficjalną „twarzą” IV Rzeczypospolitej, Kaczyński stał się jej mózgiem i (na wpół) zakulisową szarą eminencją decydującą o wszystkich ważnych posunięciach władzy. Jego sposób myślenia, poglądy, oceny i pomysły polityczne są skwapliwie podchwytywane i powielane (bez komentarzy) przez prezydenta, ministrów, urzędników państwowych, członków partii i jej zwolenników. Dlatego analizę tego dyskursu oprę przede wszystkim na wypowiedziach prezesa Prawa i Sprawiedliwości i na oficjalnym programie tej partii. Wypowiedzi Kaczyńskiego nie są ani spójne, ani odkrywcze. Odbierane są coraz częściej jako dobrze znane, prawdopodobnie dlatego, że sięgają często do frazeologii sprzed 1989 roku. Tezą wyjściową mej analizy jest założenie, że dyskursy nowej władzy nie tylko przywołują slogany i parafrazują hasła tego okresu, ale używają i/lub są pod wpływem konstrukcji myślowych, kategorii poznawczych oraz kluczowych racji właściwych czasom sowieckiej kolonizacji Polski.

Детальніше...
 

A Language Variety on Trial: Surzhyk Prosecuted and Defended in Post-Soviet Ukrainophone Language Ideology

Друк

The historical legacy of Ukrainian-Russian language contact under imperial conditions - a markedly asymmetrical bilingualism with uneven status relations, sharply differing regional patterns of language use, and heavy interference first and foremost affecting the Ukrainian language - still defines much of the framework for the politics of language in post-Soviet Ukraine. Positions taken in the language ideological debates on Ukrainian-Russian language contact form part of wider narratives on the Ukrainian-Russian cultural encounter, and are intimately connected with conceptualisations of national identity and of nation-building. Language contact and the socio-cultural and political conceptualisations of it in metalinguistic discourse are therefore central topics for the study of language ideologies in Ukraine.

Детальніше...
 

Russian Projects of Europeanism and the Polish Factor (from the Middle Ages to the Age of Nationalisms)

Друк
The historical paths followed by Poles and Russians towards Europe-from a common geographical space (as it appeared in Antiquity) to a common civilizational space (which took shape as various ethnic groups adopted the universal values of Christianity) were distinctly different. And it was this that determined the particularity both of the way in which they expressed universal cultural values and the way in which they understood their own identity as offshoots of those values, thus influencing the notions they had of each other as neighbours.
Детальніше...
 

In Search of Dracula or, Cultures in Dialogue

Друк
In Dracula, Bram Stoker's famous Victorian horror novel, the young British lawyer Jonathan Harker sets out on a journey eastward. When the hero crosses the Danube andenters Transylvania in order to finalize a contract with a local count on the purchase of a piece of real estate in London, he notes a number of disquieting details.
Детальніше...
 

The Experience of Otherness in Polish Poetry After 1990

Друк
In Polish poetry written after World War II we can find many traces of a desire of to be settled as well as a need to inhabit a place. These needs and desires are connected with the search for stable meaning and with the perception of space through the category of similarity. We will find few poems that project heterogeneous spaces, poems for which the experience of otherness is constitutive. Contrary to what Levi-Strauss proposes, Polish poetry of the 1960s or later, when the nightmare of the war had become more removed in time, does not enable the reader "to withdraw from the society of men and move into a different society" [Charbonier 2000, 75].
Although the poetry written in these times is concentrated on the idea of community, of the affirmation of a stable order of reality and tradition, encounters with otherness do nevertheless occur. However, the emphasis is placed on the feeling of community identity. The poets of this era feel that they should concentrate on what is eternal, universal, unaffected by time and context. In other words, poetic gestures appear
Детальніше...
 

Postcolonial or Post-colonial? Post(-)colonial perspectives on Habsburg Galicia

Друк

In the abovequoted novel of Łukasz Saturczak Galicia, set between the area described by Andrukhovych and that of Stasiuk, becomes a palimpsest, a fusion of wanted and unwanted layers: the past times which have been suppressed or aggrandised, and the also unacceptable but omnipotent present times. The clash of memories held by children, parents, and grandparents, and the contemporary dilemmas of Poles and Ukrainians, who often find self-identification difficult, turn this rejected myth, brought back to memory by both people and buildings, into reality. Galicia according to Saturczak comprises (in random order) Ukrainians, Poles, Poles of Ukrainian nationality, Russians, Ruthenians, Ukrainians of Polish origin, Jews, Poles of Jewish belief, “converted” Jews, UPA members, AK members, Soviets, post-Soviets, Franz Joseph and Józef Piłsudski. Galicia is a strange myth which has to be left behind to reach reality, but this reality also explains why this present, trapped in the past, contains more mythical elements than its own cult.

Детальніше...
 

The poet Dmitry Prigov before and after the fall of the Soviet Union

Друк
The Russian poet and artist Dmitrij Prigov (1940-2007) dedicated his whole life to undermining Soviet propaganda, Soviet ideology and Soviet language. He deconstructed Russian culture in general, including Pushkin and Dostoevsky as well as the Russian avant-garde, in a similar manner. With his death a moment of closure was reached for an entire era of Russian culture as primarily characterized by settlements with Socialist Realism, Soviet language and Soviet propaganda.
Детальніше...
 

One Sixth of the World: Avant-garde Film, the Revolution of Vision, and the Colonization of the USSR Periphery during the 1920s (Towards a Postcolonial Deconstruction of the Soviet Hegemony)

Друк
Although this article was originally presented at a conference on postcoloniality, I have to begin with a few reservations about the applicability of this term to the territories that were formerly owned or controlled by the USSR, and especially with regard to its Western frontier, i.e. the present-day Baltic States and the states of former Eastern Europe.[1] There are three objections against subsuming these
Детальніше...
 

The Postcolonial Moment in Ukrainian Writing

Друк
My own experiences growing up in England and attending university were probably decisive in steering me in the direction of postcolonial studies. Upon entering Cambridge University I was questioned about my background. Learning that I was Ukrainian, one tutor, a Russian émigré, told me that the only difference between Russian and Ukrainian was the letter "h". A Russian, he informed, would say "Glavnyi gorod Galitsiii, eto - Lvov." A Ukrainian, on the other hand, would say "Hlavnyi horod Halitsii, eto - Lvov." When I countered that the correct Ukrainian was: "Holovne misto Halychyny, tse - Lviv," his answer was: "A, net, eto vy po-polski!" (Oh, no, now you're speaking Polish!) A second tutor, an Englishman, immediately began explaining to me that the Cossacks were simply bandits. My response was to cite the evidence of folklore and history showing that they were seen as defenders of a national movement and identity. I should add that these "introductions" to the subject on the part of my
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Сторінка 1 з 2

Alexander Etkind: "Internal Colonization. Russia's Imperial Experience", by Madina Tlostanowa

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Neil Lazarus: The Postcolonial Unconscious", by Blanka Grzegorczyk

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Katarzyna Marciniak and Kamil Turowski: "Streets of Crocodiles: Photography, Media, and Postsocialist Landscapes in Poland", by Magdalena Kania Lundholm

Read more...

Sandra Ponzanesi and Bolette B. Blaagaard (Ed.): “Deconstructing Europe. Postcolonial Perspectives”, by Paulina Gąsior

Read more...

Gjoko Muratovski: The use of built environments in the formation and change of national identities: the case of Macedonia and ‘Skopje 2014’

Read more...

Alexander Etkind: "Internal Colonization. Russia's Imperial Experience", by Madina Tlostanowa

Read more...

Neil Lazarus: The Postcolonial Unconscious", by Blanka Grzegorczyk

Read more...

Katarzyna Marciniak and Kamil Turowski: "Streets of Crocodiles: Photography, Media, and Postsocialist Landscapes in Poland", by Magdalena Kania Lundholm

Read more...

Sandra Ponzanesi and Bolette B. Blaagaard (Ed.): “Deconstructing Europe. Postcolonial Perspectives”, by Paulina Gąsior

Read more...

Gjoko Muratovski: The use of built environments in the formation and change of national identities: the case of Macedonia and ‘Skopje 2014’

Read more...

Alexander Etkind: "Internal Colonization. Russia's Imperial Experience", by Madina Tlostanowa

Read more...

Neil Lazarus: The Postcolonial Unconscious", by Blanka Grzegorczyk

Read more...

Katarzyna Marciniak and Kamil Turowski: "Streets of Crocodiles: Photography, Media, and Postsocialist Landscapes in Poland", by Magdalena Kania Lundholm

Read more...

Sandra Ponzanesi and Bolette B. Blaagaard (Ed.): “Deconstructing Europe. Postcolonial Perspectives”, by Paulina Gąsior

Read more...

Gjoko Muratovski: The use of built environments in the formation and change of national identities: the case of Macedonia and ‘Skopje 2014’

Read more...

Alexander Etkind: "Internal Colonization. Russia's Imperial Experience", by Madina Tlostanowa

Read more...

Neil Lazarus: The Postcolonial Unconscious", by Blanka Grzegorczyk

Read more...

Katarzyna Marciniak and Kamil Turowski: "Streets of Crocodiles: Photography, Media, and Postsocialist Landscapes in Poland", by Magdalena Kania Lundholm

Read more...

Sandra Ponzanesi and Bolette B. Blaagaard (Ed.): “Deconstructing Europe. Postcolonial Perspectives”, by Paulina Gąsior

Read more...

Gjoko Muratovski: The use of built environments in the formation and change of national identities: the case of Macedonia and ‘Skopje 2014’

Read more...

Alexander Etkind: "Internal Colonization. Russia's Imperial Experience", by Madina Tlostanowa

Read more...

Neil Lazarus: The Postcolonial Unconscious", by Blanka Grzegorczyk

Read more...

Katarzyna Marciniak and Kamil Turowski: "Streets of Crocodiles: Photography, Media, and Postsocialist Landscapes in Poland", by Magdalena Kania Lundholm

Read more...

Sandra Ponzanesi and Bolette B. Blaagaard (Ed.): “Deconstructing Europe. Postcolonial Perspectives”, by Paulina Gąsior

Read more...

Gjoko Muratovski: The use of built environments in the formation and change of national identities: the case of Macedonia and ‘Skopje 2014’

Read more...

Alexander Etkind: "Internal Colonization. Russia's Imperial Experience", by Madina Tlostanowa

Read more...

Neil Lazarus: The Postcolonial Unconscious", by Blanka Grzegorczyk

Read more...

Katarzyna Marciniak and Kamil Turowski: "Streets of Crocodiles: Photography, Media, and Postsocialist Landscapes in Poland", by Magdalena Kania Lundholm

Read more...

Sandra Ponzanesi and Bolette B. Blaagaard (Ed.): “Deconstructing Europe. Postcolonial Perspectives”, by Paulina Gąsior

Read more...

Gjoko Muratovski: The use of built environments in the formation and change of national identities: the case of Macedonia and ‘Skopje 2014’

Read more...

Alexander Etkind: "Internal Colonization. Russia's Imperial Experience", by Madina Tlostanowa

Read more...

Neil Lazarus: The Postcolonial Unconscious", by Blanka Grzegorczyk

Read more...

Katarzyna Marciniak and Kamil Turowski: "Streets of Crocodiles: Photography, Media, and Postsocialist Landscapes in Poland", by Magdalena Kania Lundholm

Read more...

Sandra Ponzanesi and Bolette B. Blaagaard (Ed.): “Deconstructing Europe. Postcolonial Perspectives”, by Paulina Gąsior

Read more...

Gjoko Muratovski: The use of built environments in the formation and change of national identities: the case of Macedonia and ‘Skopje 2014’

Read more...

Alexander Etkind: "Internal Colonization. Russia's Imperial Experience", by Madina Tlostanowa

Read more...

Neil Lazarus: The Postcolonial Unconscious", by Blanka Grzegorczyk

Read more...

Katarzyna Marciniak and Kamil Turowski: "Streets of Crocodiles: Photography, Media, and Postsocialist Landscapes in Poland", by Magdalena Kania Lundholm

Read more...

Sandra Ponzanesi and Bolette B. Blaagaard (Ed.): “Deconstructing Europe. Postcolonial Perspectives”, by Paulina Gąsior

Read more...

Gjoko Muratovski: The use of built environments in the formation and change of national identities: the case of Macedonia and ‘Skopje 2014’

Read more...

Alexander Etkind: "Internal Colonization. Russia's Imperial Experience", by Madina Tlostanowa

Read more...

Neil Lazarus: The Postcolonial Unconscious", by Blanka Grzegorczyk

Read more...

Katarzyna Marciniak and Kamil Turowski: "Streets of Crocodiles: Photography, Media, and Postsocialist Landscapes in Poland", by Magdalena Kania Lundholm

Read more...

Sandra Ponzanesi and Bolette B. Blaagaard (Ed.): “Deconstructing Europe. Postcolonial Perspectives”, by Paulina Gąsior

Read more...

Gjoko Muratovski: The use of built environments in the formation and change of national identities: the case of Macedonia and ‘Skopje 2014’

Read more...

Alexander Etkind: "Internal Colonization. Russia's Imperial Experience", by Madina Tlostanowa

Read more...

Neil Lazarus: The Postcolonial Unconscious", by Blanka Grzegorczyk

Read more...

Katarzyna Marciniak and Kamil Turowski: "Streets of Crocodiles: Photography, Media, and Postsocialist Landscapes in Poland", by Magdalena Kania Lundholm

Read more...

Sandra Ponzanesi and Bolette B. Blaagaard (Ed.): “Deconstructing Europe. Postcolonial Perspectives”, by Paulina Gąsior

Read more...

Gjoko Muratovski: The use of built environments in the formation and change of national identities: the case of Macedonia and ‘Skopje 2014’

Read more...

Alexander Etkind: "Internal Colonization. Russia's Imperial Experience", by Madina Tlostanowa

Read more...

Neil Lazarus: The Postcolonial Unconscious", by Blanka Grzegorczyk

Read more...

Katarzyna Marciniak and Kamil Turowski: "Streets of Crocodiles: Photography, Media, and Postsocialist Landscapes in Poland", by Magdalena Kania Lundholm

Read more...

Sandra Ponzanesi and Bolette B. Blaagaard (Ed.): “Deconstructing Europe. Postcolonial Perspectives”, by Paulina Gąsior

Read more...

Gjoko Muratovski: The use of built environments in the formation and change of national identities: the case of Macedonia and ‘Skopje 2014’

Read more...

Alexander Etkind: "Internal Colonization. Russia's Imperial Experience", by Madina Tlostanowa

Read more...

Neil Lazarus: The Postcolonial Unconscious", by Blanka Grzegorczyk

Read more...

Katarzyna Marciniak and Kamil Turowski: "Streets of Crocodiles: Photography, Media, and Postsocialist Landscapes in Poland", by Magdalena Kania Lundholm

Read more...

Sandra Ponzanesi and Bolette B. Blaagaard (Ed.): “Deconstructing Europe. Postcolonial Perspectives”, by Paulina Gąsior

Read more...

Gjoko Muratovski: The use of built environments in the formation and change of national identities: the case of Macedonia and ‘Skopje 2014’

Read more...

Alexander Etkind: "Internal Colonization. Russia's Imperial Experience", by Madina Tlostanowa

Read more...

Neil Lazarus: The Postcolonial Unconscious", by Blanka Grzegorczyk

Read more...

Katarzyna Marciniak and Kamil Turowski: "Streets of Crocodiles: Photography, Media, and Postsocialist Landscapes in Poland", by Magdalena Kania Lundholm

Read more...

Sandra Ponzanesi and Bolette B. Blaagaard (Ed.): “Deconstructing Europe. Postcolonial Perspectives”, by Paulina Gąsior

Read more...

Gjoko Muratovski: The use of built environments in the formation and change of national identities: the case of Macedonia and ‘Skopje 2014’

Read more...

Alexander Etkind: "Internal Colonization. Russia's Imperial Experience", by Madina Tlostanowa

Read more...

Neil Lazarus: The Postcolonial Unconscious", by Blanka Grzegorczyk

Read more...

Katarzyna Marciniak and Kamil Turowski: "Streets of Crocodiles: Photography, Media, and Postsocialist Landscapes in Poland", by Magdalena Kania Lundholm

Read more...

Sandra Ponzanesi and Bolette B. Blaagaard (Ed.): “Deconstructing Europe. Postcolonial Perspectives”, by Paulina Gąsior

Read more...

Gjoko Muratovski: The use of built environments in the formation and change of national identities: the case of Macedonia and ‘Skopje 2014’

Read more...

Alexander Etkind: "Internal Colonization. Russia's Imperial Experience", by Madina Tlostanowa

Read more...

Neil Lazarus: The Postcolonial Unconscious", by Blanka Grzegorczyk

Read more...

Katarzyna Marciniak and Kamil Turowski: "Streets of Crocodiles: Photography, Media, and Postsocialist Landscapes in Poland", by Magdalena Kania Lundholm

Read more...

Sandra Ponzanesi and Bolette B. Blaagaard (Ed.): “Deconstructing Europe. Postcolonial Perspectives”, by Paulina Gąsior

Read more...

Gjoko Muratovski: The use of built environments in the formation and change of national identities: the case of Macedonia and ‘Skopje 2014’

Read more...

Alexander Etkind: "Internal Colonization. Russia's Imperial Experience", by Madina Tlostanowa

Read more...

Neil Lazarus: The Postcolonial Unconscious", by Blanka Grzegorczyk

Read more...

Katarzyna Marciniak and Kamil Turowski: "Streets of Crocodiles: Photography, Media, and Postsocialist Landscapes in Poland", by Magdalena Kania Lundholm

Read more...

Sandra Ponzanesi and Bolette B. Blaagaard (Ed.): “Deconstructing Europe. Postcolonial Perspectives”, by Paulina Gąsior

Read more...

Gjoko Muratovski: The use of built environments in the formation and change of national identities: the case of Macedonia and ‘Skopje 2014’

Read more...